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Introduction

Class-XII/MEDICAL /Botany /Plant Kingdom /Algae /Introduction

1. Habitat and Structure

All the algae in this group are acellular coenocytic and are found in moist soil.

2. Pigments

  1. Chlorophyll - Chl ‘a’ , Chl ‘e’
  2. Carotene - carotene
  3. Xanthophylls - Many

Note: The yellow colour of these algae is due to the presence of xanthophyll.

3. Stored food

Leucosin and Oil (Leucosin is derivative of carbohydrate) eg. Vaucheria , Botrydium, Tribonema

Note : In Vaucheria algae some special type of spores are formed which are known as synzoospores.



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